We have a 36’ x 36’ fenced apiary on our farm. It sits a quarter mile south of County Road 1000, our northern border. There is also a protective moraine between the two.

The apiary’s 6’ fence has so far kept out large mammals, including deer, coyotes, and the legendary Michigan Bear that is reputed to visit our area periodically. The fence does less well with smaller animals, such as racoons and skunks, but we trap them humanely and release them as far from the apiary as our property extends. Sometimes this works.

And sometimes not. A raccoon almost succeeded in knocking over this hive.

Disgruntled, the raccoon left her/his review of our establishment, which in the interest of full transparency we reproduce below.

We hope your reviews will be more favorable.

Each of our hives has a name. This one’s name is Ivanka. Her progenitor, now deceased, was named Trump Tower.

The hive formerly known as Trump Tower is the one in the previous slide.

In the spring our bees dine on crimson clover (below) and a “pollinator friendly” mix that includes black eyed Susans and yellow coneflowers. Our vineyard is off to the right; our forest is behind the vineyard.

The bees can also dine on Bee Balm (wild bergamot, below) or flowers from our orchard, vineyard, or vegetable garden, such as this bolted broccoli on the right.

Bees are fragile. So, In the winter we insulate their hives and feed them patties of fondant (cake icing), which we place just under the roof. The bees get their water from condensation of the warm air in the hives (which the bees generate by beating their wings) condenses on the inside walls, which remain cool despite the insulation.

We also put hops from our hops yard under the roof to protect the bees from Varroa mites, and add Strong Microbials supplements to their winter diet.

This past fall it was necessary to spray much of La Porte County with the neonicotinoid insecticide Naled to mitigate the risk of mosquito-borne Eastern Equine Encephalitis. Spraying was done of September 23. By September 30, most of our 16 hives had mounds of dead bees outside their entrances, and by Thanksgiving only 2 of the hives had survived.

“A common element of acute pesticide poisoning of bees is, literally, a pile of dead bees outside the hive entrance.”

Source: https://www.epa.gov/pollinator-protection/colony-collapse-disorder

Please note that we do NOT quarrel with the decision to spray, which we feel was a necessary response to a public health emergency.

So, we will re-stock our apiary in the spring, with the help of King Bees of Rockville, IN. We will hopefully have replenished our supply of our Opus Apum® honey by fall.

BTW, Opus Apum® is Latin for The Work (Opus) of Bees (Apum).

If there were room on the label, we would expand our trademark to Opus Apum Apiariorumque (The Work of Bees AND of Beekeepers).

Forest Products

Ramps

Sugar Maple Trees

Hazelnuts/Truffles

In February 2019 we visited a truffle farm near Bordeaux. After we returned home, we thought about growing truffles ourselves, and we discovered Garland Truffles of Hillsborough, NC. The founder, Frederick Garland, has developed an ingenious method for this, but it has never been tested at a latitude (and climate) as far north as ours.

This was a challenge we could not refuse.

In September 2019 we planted 72 Garland hazelnut trees that had been inoculated with Tuber uncinatum, the Burgundy truffle fungus. The trees did well over the winter and into the spring, so we planted another 72 plants in May 2020. These did well also – every plant survived – so we will plant another 144 inoculated trees in the spring of 2021. All these 288 trees are from the same Garland 2019 generation.

It is said to take somewhere between 5 and 10 years for a nurse tree to produce truffles; but when they do, they each produce about a quarter pound each. The same time frame  is true for the filberts that the trees produce. Our hazelnuts will all have had five full summers in the sun, in Hillsborough and La Porte, by Fall 2023.

Watch (or bookmark) this space!

Maple Syrup

The ten acre Indiana Certified Forest on our farm contains a grove of 130 sugar maple trees with a circumference of over 60 inches. Their sap begins to rise about March 1, and this marks the beginning of our Farm Year. Last year we collected 1600 gallons of sap from 80 trees.

We only tap 80 of our 130 sugar maples in a given year because our trees produce about a gallon of sap a day at the peak of the season, and our processing equipment (and personnel) can only handle about 400 gallons of sap per week. Since it takes

About 50 gallons of sap to make one gallon of syrup, and since one gallon of syrup makes only ten 12 ounce bottles of syrup, we produce only eighty 12 ounce bottles of syrup a week. Some years the sap runs for three weeks, others for four. Somewhere between the third and the fourth week the demands of the rest of the farm take over.

We use reverse osmosis equipment (3) to concentrate the sap from a Brix of 2 to a Brix of 10, collect this 5x concentrate in (4), then add it to a wood-fired evaporator (5) to concentrate the Brix to 60, and a propane-fueled kitchen stove to concentrate the Brix to about 69. The syrup is pumped directly from the stove while still at boiling temperature through a paper filter into a stainless steel cannister, where its final Brix is adjusted with boiling water directly from our farm well to within its legal range of 66.9-67.9 Brix. The syrup is then filled into pre-sanitized 12 ounce bottles (6). The bottles are capped while still hot and stored in our secure food production facility at ambient temperature until sold retail at our farm stand or to local restaurants or grocery stores. We welcome inquiries from all.

Pumpkins (Cooking)

We grow pumpkins for fun, not for profit (which explains why we grow pumpkins at all), so we don’t grow any Audreys for Halloween, target practice, or both. What we do grow are three very good pie pumpkins (Left to Right: Musque de Provence, Pepita, and Silver Moon) and three fun decorative ones (Next page: Warty Goblin, Mini Wart, and Casperita). Only the last is good for playing catch, and we recommend that this be done outside.

Pumpkins (Decorative)

Mini Wart, Warty Goblin (behind the Musque de Provence and the Silver Moon) and the Casperita.

We may have others this fall, but we have learned not to count our pumpkins until they havde outlasted their predators.

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